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Acquiring Refurbished Electronic Items

If you decide to acquire used products, it is cost effective since you will spend fewer resources than when buying brand new electronics from the stores that look to maximize their gains. The gadgets do not come for a cheap when the firm is looking to cover the production cost and ensure it makes profit. Thus it is wise to consider your resources and pick an option that suits your budget perfectly.

The word renewed should not make you shy away from deciding to buy an electronic because there are opportunities for you to get a new product that the previous owner did not use. It is normal for some customers to returns goods if the devices do not satisfy them. For example, if one does not enjoy the packaging or when the item has a default, they will not hesitate giving it back to the manufacturer for a refund or an alternative product. The firms take the electronics conduct an extensive test on them and service the faulty parts by making replacements and later sell them at a low price.

If you are lucky enough, you can get a quality product that does not have even a single scratch and if you get an old one, do not worry since the firm assures you of high standard maintenance practices. Some of the products you can buy are phones from brands like Apple and Samsung. They have multiple products like iPhones, Galaxy and iPhone x. If you decide to shop for new products from the shops, they will cost you a fortune.

Guidelines of Acquiring Used Electronic Devices
If you want to buy a used phone successfully, you should go for the big names since they have a lot of customers, so the rate of returns is high too. Such stores have quality employees who work day and night to make sure that the faulty products are functional again; they create a considerable possibility for you to purchase a device that has no faults at all. They work day and night to ensure their brand stays on top of the markets. A store that has a high rate of traffic as the customers buy products is the best place to purchase your electronic gadgets.

Ways You Can Buy Used Electronic Devices
When you are navigating through the web pages, ensure you also look at other pieces of information apart from the rates and the features of the devices. Look at the features and also visit the forum on the website to identify the interaction between the company and the clients. Be careful in this process and concentrate on the details to improve your shopping experience. Have a look at the reviews and the ratings of the outlet.

Compare various outlets before concluding. You should also check on the after sales terms like warranties and shipping to ensure that they are friendly to your intentions. Read through the terms and determine the return goods policy.

How I Became An Expert on Experts

A Guide to Intelligent Security

If you are to be in search of safekeeping then you will have to make indisputable that you have observed for a pertinent place that you can be capable to have the obligatory safety subsequently you will require having one that is going to be keeping you harmless. Hence the need to make sure that you have the relevant security like trapwire security where you can be able to have the required protection that you may be seeking hence the need to make sure that you have a know how the company works in order to have the required security.

If you come to think of it Trap security do give their customers the topmost notch safety from the appliances that can be able to help in the keeping of the place that you will be remaining secure for instance they can have the protection cameras fitted for the surveillance issue also they can install alarms. This is a way to notice just when someone who happens to get to a place and they do not have the code to the place then they will trip the alarm instigating the company security associates to come and see if there is an issue that has occurred or perceived by the camera.

The other thing that you can also have to observe when you are going to be getting security like trap wire is to make sure that in case you have an incident that has occurred then you can be able to have the confidence that they can be able to investigate the issues. Therefore the necessity to make sure that you have a method by which you can be able to have the required means by which you can have the required investigation launched so as to get the outcomes of the problem.

Trapwire security also have a way by which they can be able to detect the threat in case you happen to be in danger then you can be able to have an easy time since you will be protected from the threat even before it occurs hence the need to have the relevant way that you can be able to have a security company that is going to be having to provide you with the best of the security hence the need to make sure that you have one that is going to be protecting you at one point.

This security ascertains that when you are going to be having the security issue then they have the obligation of notifying the person that needs to be notified when they are going to be needing this hence the need to make sure that you can be able to have the relevant way to notify the authority in case of an issue that may concern the authorities.

Why Tests Aren’t As Bad As You Think

Get A Good Laboratory For Your Laboratory Testing .

The need for a good and reliable laboratory like Lifebrite Laboratoriesis something that people occasionally find ourselves in need of given the increase in diseases including lifestyle diseases around us that may occasionally require to be diagnosed so that we can access the appropriate treatment and so given the fact that laboratory services are very sensitive services that lab technicians offer to us, there is need to ensure that the next time you are in need to one lab services that you take time to check several things to ensure that their costs are affordable for you so that you ensure that you can work within your proposed budget and you also need to check out the lab intend to visit to ensure that it has necessary capacity to deliver reliable lab results successfully.

It Is Important That You Consider Your Budget As You Look For A Good Laboratory For Your Laboratory Testing Like Lifebrite Laboratories.

The very first thing that you need to do in your search for a good lab for your laboratory testing is to settle on a sufficient budget that will meet all the needs that pertain the lab tests that you want done and to be able to come up with an all-inclusive budget you can consult with your friends or even your neighbors to know the details of all the things that you require to check in a lab and in this consultations you can come up with a list of items and then visit a few labs in your locality to confirm that they have the equipment necessary for your needs so that by the time you decide to go to a certain lab for the tests you can be sure that the lab has everything you require and they do not have to keep you waiting as they take your samples elsewhere for tests as they keep you waiting and so you want to be sure that once the testing processes are started they can run smoothly without any hitches and you are sure to get good and reliable results.

What You Need To Do To Establish The Capacity Of A Laboratory As You Look For A Good Laboratory Like Lifebrite Laboratories For Your Laboratory Testing.

There is need for you to assess the capacity of a lab before you can engage them for your lab tests so that you can be sure that the said lab has the tools, machinery and personnel required to do your tests well and within the desired time.

What You Should Know About Scareware

Some people may have heard of scareware and may have a basic idea of what it is. Most, however, will not know exactly what it is and how exactly it works.

Scareware is a type of malware that pretends to be a real anti-virus program. It appears in a pop-up window on your browser and is designed to look and feel like a Microsoft program, to fool the user into believing it.

The pop-up will always show many infections that need to be repaired and will offer to do so. However, when you press ‘OK’ or any other button that agrees to let the program do its work, it instead installs the main scareware program on your computer.

In fact, even pressing the red ‘X,’ or anywhere else in the window will install it. The only way to prevent it from being installed is too close the browser completely and start an entirely new session when you reopen it.

Once you have the original scareware program installed on your computer, it will prevent you from doing anything that you normally would in order to fix an infection. If you have an out of date anti-virus program on the computer, then the virus will be able to disable it.

The scareware will also perform what is known as browser hijacking. A hijacked browser will often not go to the addresses that the user inputs to the URL bar. The browser instead redirects the user to only pages that the scareware allows them to see.

This means that when the user runs a search for how to remove the scareware or searches for an anti-virus program, all that they are able to see is more malware or other rogue programs designed to look legitimate.

When they download, and install something to try and clear the infection, they end up installing more malware. If the scareware demands that the user pays a fee in order to remove the viruses, and the fee is paid, the viruses will remain, and the scareware will continue to lock up the system.

Antimalware programs are the best and most certain way to rid your machine of these malware programs.

Scareware can be tricky to remove from a computer. It can be done, but ultimately the best offense is a good defense. Installing one of the many paid anti-virus suites such as Norton, or the free ones such as avast antivirus and then keeping them up to date is the best way to protect your computer. Best toaster oven 2018 with new technology

Cyber Security

The increased growth and adoption of web 2.0 technologies, the platforms that enable the publishing of user generated contents has led to the creation of another dimension in which human existence called the cyberspace. In the cyberspace, people interact just as they do in the physical space. They socialize, conduct businesses, study, share and store materials, and even entrust highly valued assets (in terms of information) for easy access, availability, and safe keeping.

Cyber security is essential to govern the conducts and manners of interacting with the computer systems and other user in the cyber security. Without a sense of security, various activities like e-commerce, care-free socializing, business networking and the like would not be possible and hence set a hurdle in this mobile and information era.

Cyber security vs Computer/Information/Network security:-
Though these terms are sometimes used interchangeably, they are indeed different. Computer security, network security and information security all target solely on the safeguarding of computer systems components and the data/information created, stored or transmitted on or through the systems. Cyber security goes a step further to take care of the possibility where a user can be a victim of a cybercrime. There are crimes such as Intellectual property rights violations in which the system components are not victims, they are mere media used to facilitate the crime and the rights owner is the victim.

Cyber security from the legal angle:-
Different countries have different laws enforcing cyber security. Taking the United Republic of Tanzania as an example, The Cybercrimes Act 2015 governs the conducts and liability of parties in the cyberspace. For all the examples given above and many more, the law clearly guides what is to be done. It also provides legal guides on how users are to interact in the cyberspace, utilize devices and systems, as well as responsibility of all involved parties in any interaction in the cyberspace.

Cyber and the Healthcare Industry:-
The Healthcare industry has featured in the top 5 industries attacked by cyber criminals for a number of years now. The WannaCry ransomware attack earlier this year that affected many health trusts across England and Scotland brought the health impact of the cyber threat to the forefront of media and political debate in the run up to the 2017 General Election. So why would anyone want to attack healthcare and what are the threats?

Tips to Secure Your Small Business Network

Just because your business is small, doesn’t mean that hackers won’t target you. The reality is that automated scanning techniques and botnets don’t care whether your company is big or small, they’re only looking for holes in your network security to exploit.

Maintaining a secure small business or home network isn’t easy, and even for an old hand in IT, it still takes time and energy to keep things locked down. Here are 10 of the most critical steps you can take to keep your data from ending up elsewhere, and none of them take much time or effort to accomplish.

Get a Firewall

The first step for any attacker is to find network vulnerabilities by scanning for open ports. Ports are the mechanisms by which your small business network opens up and connects to the wider world of the Internet. A hacker sees an open port to as an irresistible invitation for access and exploitation. A network firewall locks down ports that don’t need to be open.

A properly configured firewall acts as the first line of defense on any network. The network firewall sets the rules for which ports should be open and which ones should be closed. The only ports that should be open are ports for services that you need to run.

Typically, most small business routers include some kind of firewall functionality, so chances are if you have a router sitting behind your service provider or DSL/cable modem, you likely have a firewall already. To check to see if you already have firewall capabilities at the router level in your network, log into your router and see if there are any settings for Firewall or Security. If you don’t know how to log into your router on a Windows PC, find your Network Connection information. The item identified as Default Gateway is likely the IP address for your router.

There are many desktop firewall applications available today as well, but don’t mistake those for a substitute for firewall that sits at the primary entry point to your small business network. You should have a firewall sitting right behind where your network connectivity comes into your business to filter out bad traffic before it can reach any desktop or any other network assets.

Password Protect your Firewall

Great you’ve got a firewall, but it’s never enough to simply drop it into your network and turn it on. One of the most common mistakes in configuring network equipment is keeping the default password.

It’s a trivial matter in many cases for an attacker to identify the brand and model number of a device on a network. It’s equally trivial to simply use Google to obtain the user manual to find the default username and password.

Take the time to make this easy fix. Log into your router/firewall, and you’ll get the option to set a password; typically, you’ll find it under the Administration menu item.

Update Router Firmware

Outdated router or firewall firmware is another common issue. Small business network equipment, just like applications and operating systems, needs to be updated for security and bug fixes. The firmware that your small business router and/or firewall shipped with is likely out-of-date within a year, so it’s critical to make sure you update it.

Some router vendors have a simple dialogue box that lets you check for new firmware versions from within the router’s administration menu. For routers that don’t have automated firmware version checking, find the version number in your router admin screen, and then go to the vendor’s support site to see if you have the latest version.

Block Pings

Most router and firewalls include multiple settings that help to determine how visible your router and/or firewall will be to the outside world. One of the simplest methods that a hacker uses to find a network is by sending a ping request, which is just a network request to see if something will respond. The idea being if a network device responds, there is something there that the hacker can then explore further and potentially exploit. You can make it harder for attackers by simply setting your network router or firewall so that it won’t respond to network pings. Typically, the option to block network pings can be found on the administration menu for a firewall and/or router as a configuration option.

Scan Yourself

One of the best ways to see if you have open ports or visible network vulnerabilities is to do the same thing that an attacker would do – scan your network. By scanning your network with the same tools that security researchers (and attackers) use, you’ll see what they see. Among the most popular network scanning tools is the open source nmap tool). For Windows users, the Nmap download now includes a graphical user interface, so it’s now easier than ever to scan your network with industry standard tools, for free. Scan your network to see what ports are open (that shouldn’t be), and then go back to your firewall to make the necessary changes.

Lock Down IP Addresses

By default, most small business routers use something called DHCP, which automatically allocates IP addresses to computers that connect to the network. DHCP makes it easy for you to let users connect to you network, but if your network is exploited it also makes it easy for attackers to connect to your network. If your small business only has a set number of users, and you don’t routinely have guest users plugging into your network, you might want to consider locking down IP addresses.

The benefit of assigning an IP is that when you check your router logs, you’ll know which IP is associated with a specific PC and/or user. With DHCP, the same PC could potentially have different IPs over a period of time as machines are turned on or off. By knowing what’s on your network, you’ll know where problems are coming from when they do arise.


Not everyone in your small business necessarily needs access to the same network assets. While you can determine and set access with passwords and permissions on applications, you can also segment your network with VLAN or virtual LANs. VLANs are almost always part of any business class router and let you segment a network based on needs and risks as well as quality of service requirements. For example, with a VLAN setup you could have the finance department on one VLAN, while sales is on another. In another scenario, you could have a VLAN for your employees and then setup another one for contract or guest workers. Mitigating risk is all about providing access to network resources to the people who are authorized and restricting access to those who aren’t.

Get an IPS

A firewall isn’t always enough to protect a small business network. Today’s reality is that the bulk of all network traffic goes over Port 80 for HTTP or Web traffic. So if you leave that port open, you’re still at risk from attacks that target port 80. In addition to the firewall, Intrusion Prevention System (IPS) technology can play a key network security role. An IPS does more than simply monitor ports; it monitors the traffic flow for anomalies that could indicate malicious activity. IPS technology can sometimes be bundled in on a router as part of a Unified Threat Management (UTM) device. Depending on the size of your small business network, you might want to consider a separate physical box.

Another option is to leverage open source technologies running on your own servers (or as virtual instances if you are virtualized). On the IPS side, one of the leading open source technologies is called SNORT (which is backed by commercial vendor Sourcefire.

Get a WAF

A Web Application Firewall (WAF) is specifically tasked with helping to protect against attacks that are specifically targeted against applications. If you’re not hosting applications within your small business network, the risks that a WAF helps to mitigate are not as pronounced. If you are hosting applications, WAF in front of (or as part of) your Web server is a key technology that you need to look at. Multiple vendors including Barracuda have network WAF boxes. Another option is the open source ModSecurity project, which is backed by security vendor Trustwave.


If you’ve gone through all the trouble of protecting your small business network, it makes sense to extend that protection to your mobile and remotely connected employees as well. A VPN or Virtual Private Network lets your remote workers log into your network with an encrypted tunnel. That tunnel can then be used to effectively shield your remote employees with the same firewall, IPS and WAF technologies that local users benefit from. A VPN also protects your network by not letting users who may be coming in from risky mobile environments connect in an insecure fashion.

How to Choose Anti-Virus Software

When considering today’s scenario of the cyber world it is very important to have an effective cyber security solution. Security and right internet security software is now become a key component for any business, as it helps to protect your PCs, server, and applications from dangerous cyber attacks including viruses, malware, hackers, spyware and more.

However, it is quite difficult to choose right cyber security solution for the business as there are number of options available in the market.

Before purchasing any cyber security solution it is very important to determine what you need from your security software as not all security packages do exactly same jobs. Now let’s determine what we need from a security tool:

What needs to protect?

It is very crucial to determine how many servers, computer and mobile devices you need to install security software

If you already have a security software:

You can save your money by upgrading your existing software

How much technical knowledge do you possess?

It is important to know the technical expertise of your IT team as some software is very easy to handle where some are very complex. You can give staff members more control only if they understand the risks.

What is the future plan of your business?

If you intended to expand your business, then make sure security software allows you to add more devices to the network.

What kind of internet security do you want?

Generally, there are two types of security software Standalone and Centralized, although many antivirus share same features but it is very crucial to understand the difference between them.

Standalone security software:

It is quite easy to install standalone software as it needs to be installed and managed in different systems separately. However, it is also very easy for staff to disable it that leaves business data vulnerable and unsecured.

Centralized software:

With this kind of tool, you can manage a number of connected device with a control panel. This kind of security tool gives you the confidence that everything is protected in your network.

What do you need to check before purchasing security software?

Security has become an important part of business security, so once you shortlist the security packages, you can further consider the below points:

Does your system run it? antivirus software needs a lot from your system as constantly scanning the different file in the background. Therefore it is very important that your system fulfills the software’s demand.
You should check whether it is clashing with other existing software or not. Because security software accesses all your data on the system, it can occasionally clash with other software also.
It should cost under the budget.

These are some important aspects that will help you to find right security tool for your business.

How to Become a Professional Ethical Hacker

As with time, while we developed the technology and we are keeping busy like a bee, we have been able to drastically evolve and improve the level of technology. But with the evolution of technology, it also left behind, its residue and that has turned out to be the vulnerability and the loops of the technology which could lead to a situation of hacking, where the important information and data might be accessed in the purpose of theft, modification or destruction etc. So, these hackers turned to be the troubled-genius of the information systems where they can combat and breach the enabled security in your device and can leave you mugged.

In recent times, the need for the Information security also increased, where someone can help in preventing the situation like these and can save you from the moments of apocalypse. Now, these people who are the nemesis to their unethical counterparts, have been able to help us in providing the proactive Information security and save us from going into sleepless nights. They ensure the safety and the security of our data and information and guard it from any catastrophe. We call them “Ethical Hackers”. So, how does it sound to be an ethical hacker? Does it fancy you? If yes, there are few brief points you might want to look and understand to be a professional ethical hacker.

You need to understand the various kind of hacking, which can be classified into White Hat, Grey Hat and non-ethical hacking. You need to evaluate the all three to understand them very well. Only a deep knowledge can help in combating any sort of breach or unauthorised access in the information system. Also, it can help you in ensuring the proactive security to the systems, while discovering the vulnerability of the Information systems. A deep knowledge and potent skills can help you in becoming a good ethical hacker.

You need to identify the basic requirements to be an ethical hacker. Whether you need to undertake a course or a diploma or you need any other licensing done. Make sure you do your homework well and then go hit the bullseye.

Upon successful evaluation of the basic requirements, you need to run the horses of your brain where you need to decide, whether would you like to work in hardware or software securities? Believe me, this field is so vast and you do want to take the chances of riding on two boats at a time. Master a formula first and then go for another. So, choose it carefully.

Along with your conventional diploma or the certificate program, don’t forget the UNIX operating system. It is known as the bible of the hacking, and it is known as the original operating system developed and designed by the hackers only. Make sure you learn it well.

Once you acquired your knowledge, it’s the time to know your strength and your weaknesses. Now, give yourself a try and implement your knowledge by practically doing things on your own system. Write down the complete analysis and then go for another round. Go until you succeed and turn highly skilled.

Last but not the least; identify the commercial aspect of your program. Find out the job prospects or running your own showmanship. There are many lucrative jobs and positions required in the market with both private and government sector or you can make yourself a living in facilitating the services. Once you get with it, Jobs done.

How To Protect Intellectual Property

In today’s day and age, the sanctity of our intellectual property can only be as safe as our computers and storage devices are. Given the intangible nature of this asset, it must necessarily be saved on a digital storage device. This presents a challenge to safeguard intangible property, as most digital storage platforms are really not the safest place to store something. Given the rampant data theft, violation, loss, and breach, it wouldn’t be too farfetched to say most storage platforms really are not the safest platforms to save your data.

For most companies, their intangible asset is their source of enduring competitive advantage over their competitors, and it is imperative for them that this advantage is not lost at any cost. From the software and IT industry to the pharmaceutical industry, no company in the world can sustain their profitability without securing their intellectual assets. Moreover, issues of jurisdiction and product emulation prevent any legal recourse, which again is an important reason for reconsidering the best possible way of preventing infringement of property rights.

The sad truth that, at times, even employees may steal valuable intellectual property and sell to the highest bidder in the black market. As such, it is important that all companies use a few imperative measures to protect themselves from theft, violation, breach and emulation of intellectual property. By the very intangible nature of this type of property, its protection necessarily means safeguarding storage devices and data, on which intangible property is saved. As such, the most effective means of protecting these assets is by a few innovative data protection measures.

Using reliable network management to protect data is perhaps an important step in securing a company’s inventory of data which contains this valuable property. For this, using the most advanced and secure network protocols are necessary, and no compromise should be made on price. Under weak network security, any valuable data company’s data is just waiting to be devoured.

Another important step in protecting intellectual property, stored on digital platforms ensuring that all clients, partners and employees of a company are trustworthy, and would not sell company’s valuable information whenever possible. Of course, trusting someone is always difficult, yet it is important that the company’s valuable intellectual property is not threatened by those who profit at the expense of their company.

Perhaps, using encryption for securing all data, which stores valuable intellectual property, is the most important way of ensuring that no stranger is able to infringe or steal intellectual property. Using the best encryption software can really go a long way in protecting theft of valuable intangible property which takes a lot of investment and working hours to make.

Using a balance of these three techniques, it will be highly probable that our intangible property can be secure. Of course, there are many other techniques which can also prevent theft of asset of such value, but these techniques are important to build a preventative base for data protection.

Open Source Computer Forensics Investigations

The world of computer forensics — like all things computer — is rapidly developing and changing. While commercial investigative software packages exist, like EnCase by Guidance Software and FTK by AccessData, there are other software platforms which offer a solution for obtaining computer forensic results. Unlike the two aforementioned packages, these open sources alternatives do not cost hundreds of dollars — they are free to download, distribute and use under various open source licenses.

Computer Forensics is the process of obtaining information from a computer system. This information may be obtained from a live system (one that is up and running) or a system which has been shut down. The process typically involves taking steps to obtain a copy, or an image of the target system (often times an image of the hard drive is obtained, but in the case of a “live” system, this can even be the other memory areas of the computer).

After making an exact “image” or copy of the target, in which the copy is verified by “checksum” processes, the computer specialist can begin to examine and obtain a wide range of data. This copy is obtained through write protected means to preserve the integrity of the original evidence. Information like pictures, videos, documents, browsing history, email addresses, and phone numbers are just some of the information (or evidence if being collected for possible court purposes), which can often be obtained. Even deleted elements are often retrievable.

Some of open source packages available for free download include SANs SIFT (SANS Investigative Forensic Toolkit), DEFT (Digital Evidence & Forensics Toolkit), and CAINE (Computer Aided INvestigative Environment) bootable CD’s. These powerful packages are built upon a Linux Ubuntu windows type (graphical environment) operating system and feature dozens of tools, with each disk containing many of the same open source tools, offering similar capabilities. Some of these tools are The Sleuth Kit (a complete platform in and of itself), Photorec (great for recovering all sorts of deleted files), Scalpel (another deleted file recovery tool), Bulk Extractor (bulk email and URL extraction tool), Chntpw (a utility to reset the password of any user that has a valid local account on a Windows NT/2k/XP/Vista/7/8 system), Gparted (a partition editor for creating, reorganizing, and deleting disk partitions), and Log2timeline (a timeline generation tool).